As a result, "out of 100 Moldovans 10 were literate, while for Germans the figure was 63, for Jews -50, Russians - 40, Bulgarians - 31" (I.Nistor, "Istoria Bessarabii", Kishinev, 1991, p.254). As to health care, one should note that in 1907 Rezina hospital disposed of 20 beds and provided treatment to 561 patients. Medical staff did much to help people but their health strongly depended on the socio-economic development of the region. Following the 1917 February Revolution, the Soviet of Workers and Peasants was established in Rezina. In early May, 1917, N.Krylenko, a Petrograd garrison delegate, addressed a meeting of Rezina dwellers explaining the content and importance of Lenin's "April Theses". World War II (1914-1918) left an especially deep trace in the life of Rezina inhabitants. The 250th Balta infantry regiment was completed with Moldovan reservists from Orhei and Balta districts (uezds). These peaceful citizens, including numerous Rezina volost residents, were compelled to take to arms. Fighting with their regiments, they got special distinctions for the battles near Zod, Warsaw, Prasna. These were Ivan Nikolai and Ivan Oancea from Ciorna; Semion Negura and Nichifor Melnic from Echimauti: Mihail Gogros from Lipeni and many others. The state of affairs in Rezina especially aggravated after the hostilities cessation at the Romanian front in the spring of 1917. Groups of soldiers returning from the Romanian front with no command at all committed acts of grave violence and robbery. Here are the news from the current Bessarabian press: "On their way to Orgeev Russian soldiers robbed mother and daughter in Curleni taking away 100 roubles and 10 buckets of wine. In Sircova, they beat their sergeant Dolghi who had spoken up against robbery. They raped many women" ("Cuvant moldovenesc", 1917, 5 July). It was in those turbulent times that the Moldavian Democratic Republic was established. The act on its formation was issued on December 2, 1917, and on January 24, 1918, the Republic declared its independence. The declaration of independence took place when, invited by Sfatul Tarii (supreme state power body) Romanian troops entered Bessarabia in order to protect the local population from the disorders and abuse of the Russian army. Historical circumstances and currently existing conditions led to the declaration of the union of Bessarabia with Romania made by Sfatul Tarii on March 27, 1918. Thus Bessarabia returned to its natural historical aparameters.

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