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After the union of Bessarabia with Romania th e absence of national schools was naturally acutely felt. There was not a single school with Romanian as the language of instruction, although Moldovans constituted the majority of the population. Suffice it to say that in 1897 only 15% of the population was literate. That is why urgent measures in the sphere of education were necessary. A number of corresponding laws were adopted to this aim. In 1918-1940, Rezina had a number of primary schools, gymnasia, lyceums, and a vocational school where metal work and carpentry were taught. The teachers were N.Holban (director of the lyceum named after Alexandru eel Bun), A.Gruia, V.Cotic, S.Cemean, M.Marin, M.Nicolai, A.Stoian, I.Scurtu and others who were deeply respected by the pupils and Rezina dwellers. Nicon Stoian from Pripiceni; Petru Nicolai from Ciorna; A.Rosca and A.Toia from Sestaci; P.Chirtoaca from Popouli; N.Shargorodsky from Rezina and others were among lyceum graduates. A special role was played by the church. There were 3 churches in the territory of the Rezina commune which included Rezina-tirg, Rezina-sat, Ciorna, Bosernita and Stohnaia villages. The priests were P.Zhushkov, I.Samic and P.Petcov who conducted divine services with true love and devotion. According to the 1930 census, there 4508 Orthodox believers in the commune. Jewish synagogues also conducted services here. 2961 commune residents professes Judaism. Rezina-tirg was the birthplace of tire writer Boris Vlastaru (Vexler) born on October 20, 1922. His works were on school curricula and quite successful with the public. After he had left for Israel in 1973 his works were prohibited. The writer died in 1993. In August 1939, Germany and the USSR concluded the Non-Aggression Pact. The Pact and its secret protocol signed by the foreign ministers of the USSR and Germany enabled Stalin to freely dispose of certain territories he was dreaming of: the Baltic states, Bessarabia and Bukovina. On June 28, 1940, following the soviet governments ultimatum to Romania, the Soviet Union annexed the Prut-Dniester territory, and thus Bessarabia becomes a soviet land. On August 26 Rezina was given the status of a town, and since November 1940 it becomes a district centre. Based upon 3 villages of the former commune, Ciorna and Stohna village Soviets were established. Rezina town soviet was chaired by G.Yakimov. Immediately after June 28, an organizing bureau of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the Ukraine was formed with Tishchenko, Moiseeko, Prokhodskoi, Shestopalov and Borovik as its members. The bureau pursued the aim of establishing soviet power in the district. Measures were taken as regards the nationalization of enterprises and peasant farms.